Court Records Ur 111, 22nd Century BC
Claim presented by Geme-Suen against the wife of Ur-lugal regarding the payment of a debt of 2 minas of silver. The wife of Ur-lugal argued that the claim had already been decided in her favor by the judge Ki ag, with Lu-Suen as commissioner. Nevertheless, Lu-Suen was called and he declared that such a decision had not taken place. As a consequence, the wife of Ur-lugal and his son Alulu recognized that they still owed Geme-Suen 10 and 5 shekels of silver respectively. Additionally, the five children of Ur-lugal were called to take a declaratory oath, but they refused to swear.
Procedure recorded in this tablet probably originated in a claim by Sesani, who borrowed 20 and a half shekels of silver from Ur-kalagu. Sesani sold his son as part of his debt, and his claim would be related to the purchase price. To solve the litigation, Ki ag, the judge before whom the sale was made, now before the governor, asked the creditor to swear that the purchase price had been of 10 shekels of silver, so Sesani still owed him 10 and a half shekels.
Lu-Ninsubur was accused by Lu-Damu of having bought a stolen millstone from Luduga. Lu-Ninsubur declared he would bring back the thief, and Ti-emahta pledged his own person to guarantee it. As Lu-Ninsubur was not able to bring the thief, Ti-emahta was obliged to pay the price of the millstone to Lu-Damu.
FYI; Lu-Damu; Damu refers to an elderly woman of the house of Lu a wife, she was taking care of the affairs of the running of the house.
In Sumerian religion, the most powerful and important deities in the pantheon were the “seven gods who decree”: An, Enlil, Enki, Ninhursag, Nanna, Utu, and Inanna.
- An- god of heaven
- Enlil- god associated with wind, air, earth, and storms.
- Enki- god of water, knowledge, mischief, crafts and creation later known as Ea in Akkadian and Babylonian mythology
- Ninhursag- Mother of Gods and Mother of Men
- Nanna- God of the Moon and Wisdom one of the oldest gods in ancient Mesopotamia
- Utu- is the ancient god of the sun, justice, , morality, and truth, and the twin goddesses Inanna the Queen of the Heaven
- Inanna- Queen of the Heaven
Provided you a cursory look at the judicial life of ancient Sumer and the gods that they walked with daily. You had to abide by the laws of the land as well as perform the ablations required of the temple priests to provide them with food and wealth to run their temples.
It bodes well with my assertion that evolutionary processes have changed little over the thousands of years, only the names have changed. If your young people think you are recreating a society, you are dead wrong. Everything has been done before in past times. You are going to destroy yourself and your nation for the common good and go back into slavery you have never known before. For that evolution will stay its course, nations come, and nations go and from the ashes something equally as vile will take its place. New gods will rise up and stand before you and you will bow to them it is human nature and instinct for an existential entity to take care of your everyday affairs.
Deu.: 32: 39–” see-you ! now that I > I he and there is no god with me I > I am putting to death and I am making alive I transfixed and I > I shall heal and there is no from hand of me one rescuing”.
Gen 47: 13- 27; NIV
Joseph and the Famine
13 There was no food, however, in the whole region because the famine was severe; both Egypt and Canaan wasted away because of the famine. 14 Joseph collected all the money that was to be found in Egypt and Canaan in payment for the grain they were buying, and he brought it to Pharaoh’s palace. 15 When the money of the people of Egypt and Canaan was gone, all Egypt came to Joseph and said, “Give us food. Why should we die before your eyes? Our money is all gone.”
16 “Then bring your livestock,” said Joseph. “I will sell you food in exchange for your livestock, since your money is gone.” 17 So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and he gave them food in exchange for their horses, their sheep and goats, their cattle and donkeys. And he brought them through that year with food in exchange for all their livestock.
18 When that year was over, they came to him the following year and said, “We cannot hide from our lord the fact that since our money is gone and our livestock belongs to you, there is nothing left for our
lord except our bodies and our land. 19 Why should we perish before your eyes—we and our land as well? Buy us and our land in exchange for food, and we with our land will be in bondage to Pharaoh. Give us seed so that we may live and not die, and that the land may not become desolate.”
20 So Joseph bought all the land in Egypt for Pharaoh. The Egyptians, one and all, sold their fields, because the famine was too severe for them. The land became Pharaoh’s, 21 and Joseph reduced the people to servitude, from one end of Egypt to the other. 22 However, he did not buy the land of the priests, because they received a regular allotment from Pharaoh and had food enough from the allotment Pharaoh gave them. That is why they did not sell their land.
23 Joseph said to the people, “Now that I have bought you and your land today for Pharaoh, here is seed for you so you can plant the ground. 24 But when the crop comes in, give a fifth of it to Pharaoh. The other four-fifths you may keep as seed for the fields and as food for yourselves and your households and your children.”
25 “You have saved our lives,” they said. “May we find favor in the eyes of our
lord; we will be in bondage to Pharaoh.”
26 So Joseph established it as a law concerning land in Egypt—still in force today—that a fifth of the produce belongs to Pharaoh. It was only the land of the priests that did not become Pharaoh’s.
27 Now the Israelite settled in Egypt in the region of Goshen. They acquired property there and were fruitful and increased greatly in number.
The moral of the story Joseph took care of the people around him and the people became in servitude to him not to a god or a pharaoh. Fathers take care of their family with knowledge and wisdom to be able to survive harsh times that come every 400 hundred years they never go away.
That is what I believe
A Father teaching His children to Create their Worlds