1:5 3 And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness m comprehended it not.

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        ) The light of men is turned into darkness, but yet there is enough clearness so that they are without excuse.
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        ) They could not perceive nor reach it to receive any light from it, no, they did not so much as acknowledge him.

1:6 4 There was a man sent from God, whose name [was] John.

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        ) There is another more full manifestation of the Son of God, by the consideration of which men are in good time stirred up, even to John’s voice, who is as it were the herald of Christ.

1:7 The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all [men] n through him might believe.

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        ) Through John

1:8 He was not o that Light, but [was sent] to bear witness of that Light.

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          ) That light which we spoke of, that is, Christ, who alone can enlighten our darkness.

1:9 {5} [That] was {p} the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.

(5) When the Son of God saw that men did not acknowledge him by his works, although they were endued with understanding (which he had given to all of them), he exhibited himself unto his people to be seen by them with their physical eyes: yet not even then did they acknowledge him or receive him.

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            ) Who alone and properly deserves to be called the light, for he shines by his own accord and borrows light from no one

1:10 q He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.

(q) The person of the Word was made manifest even at that time when the world was made.


1:11  He came {r} unto his own, and his own received him not.

          • (


          ) The Word showed himself again when he came in the flesh.



know, recognize, put, learned, take notice, perceiving, perceived, misc, learn, found, find, recognizing, realize, certainty, sure, aware, understand, knows, known, perceive, understood, virgin, knew, know how,comprehend, felt, recognized, ascertaining, knowing, unaware, kept…a virgin, come to know


well known, light, appear, tell, obvious, spread abroad, manifest, outward, known, disclosed, evident, abroad, outwardly, apparent, openly
phanerós fan-er-os’