1:12 6 But as many as received him, to them gave he s power to become the sons of God, [even] to them that believe on his name:

        (

6

    • ) The Son being shut out by the majority of his people, and acknowledged but by a few, regenerates those few by his own strength and power, and receives them into that honour which is common to all the children of God, that is, to be the sons of God.

 

        (

s

    • ) He condescended to give them this power to take them to be his children.

1:13 Which were born, not of blood, nor of the t will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

    • (t) Of that shameful and corrupt nature of man, which is throughout the scriptures described as an enemy of the spirit.

1:14 7 And the Word was made u flesh, and x dwelt among us, (and we beheld his y glory, the glory z as of the only begotten of the Father,) a full of grace and truth.

    • (7) That Son who is God from everlasting took upon himself man’s nature, so that one and the selfsame might be both God and man, who manifestly appeared to many witnesses that saw him, amongst whom he was conversant and unto whom by sure and undoubted arguments he showed both of his natures.

 

    • (u) That is, man: so that, by the figure of speech synecdoche, the part is taken for the whole: for he took upon himself our entire nature, that is to say, a true body, and a true soul.

 

    • (x) For a time, and when that was ended, he went up into heaven: for the word which he uses is used with reference to tents: and yet nonetheless he is always present with us, though not in flesh, but by the power of his spirit.

 

    • (y) The glory which he speaks of here is that manifestation of Christ’s majesty, which was as it were openly placed before our eyes when the Son of God appeared in the flesh.

 

    • (z) This word “as” does not indicate here a likeness, but rather the truth of the matter, for his meaning is this, that we saw such a glory which suited and was proper for the true and only begotten Son of God, who is Lord and King over all the world.

 

    • (a) He was not only a partaker of grace and truth, but was full of the very substance of grace and truth